Diabetes Mellitus is usually more commonly known as diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that affects a growing number of people. It is caused by the pancreas not producing any or enough insulin, or it can be caused because the insulin that it is producing is not working properly. This insulin is needed to allow glucose to enter the body’s cells and then be used as fuel for energy. If the glucose can not be used then it will build up in the blood stream causing your blood sugar levels to rise, this is diabetes mellitus.
There are a few major types of diabetes mellitus. The first one is Type one diabetes mellitus. This is the result of the body failing to produce sufficient insulin.
The second is Type two diabetes mellitus. This is the result of the body resisting the insulin that the body has produced.
The third is gestational diabetes mellitus. This is when pregnant women who have never before had diabetes suddenly have a high blood sugar level during their pregnancy. In some cases this can lead to type two diabetes mellitus after giving birth.
These types of diabetes mellitus have previously been known by different names. Type one was known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, type two was known as non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. These are now inaccurate as in some cases of type two diabetes mellitus insulin is required. Also type two diabetes mellitus was also known as maturity onset diabetes mellitus. This is now inaccurate as many children and teenagers are now being diagnosed with type two diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus has many symptoms. These symptoms can include: increased thirst, more frequent need to urinate, blurred vision, increased fatigue. These symptoms are common for both type one and type two diabetes mellitus. However with type one diabetes mellitus the symptoms will develop rapidly over a period as little as a few weeks. With type two diabetes mellitus the symptoms can take a lot longer to develop, usually over a few years. This is why type two diabetes mellitus can go unnoticed for a long time before being diagnosed.
There is treatment available for diabetes mellitus however there is no cure. Treatment for diabetes mellitus will be highly personalised for every individual. In some cases diabetes mellitus can be controlled with a healthy diet and exercise plan. Although in many cases insulin injections are needed in order to keep the blood sugar levels under control. Another option to some people, mainly those with type two diabetes mellitus, is an oral anti-diabetic drug. This will help to make the insulin levels and response more regular. These oral anti-diabetic drugs contain three different drugs:
1. A drug to increase the amount of insulin the pancreas produces
2. A drug to make the body’s cells more sensitive to insulin
3. A drug to slow down the insulin being absorbed into the blood
The levels of each drug in this medication will depend on each persons individual needs and this can not be used in all cases of diabetes mellitus.