How to apply the diabetes nutrition to cope the disease
Diabetes affects people of all ages and both sexes and can cause several complications as blindness, kidney failure and necrosis of the hands and feet, if left untreated and dietary modifications and proper diabetes nutrition are the commanding element of diabetes treatments.
Diabetes can be managed by following the basic principles of diabetic nutrition guidelines. Primary goals of diatetes nutrition guidelines are to control glucose, lipids, and blood pressure levels optimally, prevent complications of diabetes, improve total health.
There is no single diet that meets all the nutritional needs of everyone with diabetes. Nutritionists recommend a diabetic diet for people with diabetes according the type of diabetes, a person’s lifestyle, food-habits, particular health needs, desired treatment outcomes, modification of usual food intake and dietary regimes.
According to types of diabetes, you can plan a “custom designed or individualized diabetes diet” to address your complete nutritional needs followed by your daily activities, ideal body weight, and other medical conditions (like blood pressure and cholesterol levels).
U.S.D.A. Dietary Guidelines for diabetes nutrition
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides the Dietary Guidelines as the knowledge base about nutrition to promote health and reduce the risk for major chronic diseases such as, heart disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus and stroke.
Nutrition research and dietary guidelines focus on emphasizing the importance of variety, proportionality and moderation in healthful eating as well as keeping pace with the new changing patterns in food consumption and physical activity.
There are numerous strategies that can be used to implement the perfect diabetes nutrition—
• A perfect diabetic menu provides the proportional amounts of carbohydrates, vitamin, fats and minerals. In a proportionally nutritious diabetic menu, protein should share 20 percent, fat 30 percent and carbohydrates 50-60 percent of the entire diet.
• No doubt sugary foods, drinks and sweets are tempting but they contain more calories, saturated fats and cholesterol and do not have much nutrition. So, eat small amounts of sugary foods to control your blood sugar, blood fats, and blood pressure.
• To add more flavor to your diabetic food, use vinegars, lemon juice, soy or teriyaki sauce, salsa and herbs and spices. These flavorings are almost fat or calories free.
• Fat-free and low-fat milk and yogurt are healthy for people with diabetes, as they provide you complete nutrition— protein, calcium, vitamin A, and other vitamins and minerals.
• When you maintain a nutritious diet for diabtes, it’s extremely important to watch your portion sizes, getting enough of the “good stuff” and being sure you’re not getting too much of the “bad stuff.”
• If you do use canola oil, olive oil, mustard oil instead of polyunsaturated oils for cooking, it will be more nutritious for you.
• Recent nutrition study for diabetes suggests that leafy green vegetables, nuts, and other magnesium-rich foods can significantly lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, even in obese people. Legumes as cooked kidney beans and other rich fiber-containing foods, such as carrots also have a positive effect on blood sugar levels.
• Being a diabetic does not mean that you have to sacrifice your taste. Several cookbooks, magazines, videos, general diabetes informational forums and software available on Internet offer lots of appealing, healing and tempting diabetes recipes and flavorsome recipe substitutions that keep your total calories, sugar, fat content, carb count, and sodium significantly lower. Each recipe will show you nutritional values needed for diabetic meal planning with cooking tips, and serving suggestions.
A diabetic menu should be planned strictly according to the nutritional facts regarding diabetes. It is not the easy task to do, but providing adequate nutrition is the only way to maintain a healthy life with diabetes.