Glucose Monitoring

February 15, 2011
By Diabetes Guide

What is glucose monitoring and how to perform it

The single best thing you can do for optimal management of diabetes is to keep your blood sugar level as close as possible to normal suggested range every day. The only way to do this is through a combination of regular blood sugar checks and glucose monitoring.

Blood glucose monitoring can be done at any time of the day, but suggested best to perform at specific times, and perhaps at the same times each day. By tracking your results, you can manage your diabetes care routine according your changing blood sugar levels.

Why we need glucose monitoring

Prolonged and elevated levels of glucose in the blood result in serious diabetic complications and sometimes even death. Monitoring your blood sugar or glucose level is the only way to know whether your blood sugar is normal or too high or too low.

The normal range of blood sugar is about 70 to about 120 in people with diabetes. Blood sugar goes up after eating and returns to normal range within one to two hours. Your blood sugar should be less than 200 about two hours after your last meal.

Monitoring glucose is required to check the glucose level of diabetics once or several times a day, so physician can determine treatment options according the type of diabetes. The results from your blood glucometer provide immediate feedback that helps you understand your elevated blood glucose levels.

It is noticable that the high blood glucose level is the identication of type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes, where as low blood glucose level is the identification of type I diabetes. There are various ways to perform the glucose monitoring.

One most general way involves patients measuring and recording their own blood glucose testing at home. It is called Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG). SMBG is recommended for all people with diabetes, but especially for type 1 diabetics.

Glucose monitoring is a non-invasive test and non-risky test. Not any special pre-preparation is required to perform it. There are many different types of glucose monitoring devices such as glucose meters, monitors, test strips and the Continuous Glucose Monitoring System ( an FDA-approved device to record glucose levels throughout the day and night) available on the market today. You can find a specific device of your choice and comfortable to use.

The two common tests to measure your blood sugar are–the hemoglobin A1C test and daily finger-stick tests.

The hemoglobin A1C test

This test can be done in a doctor’s clinic to measure blood HbA1C levels— the ratio of glycosylated red blood cells in relation to the total number of red blood cells. it is worthwhile checking the HbA1c as often as once a week to determine the effectiveness of the recommended treatment.

Finger stick test– This is usually done by placing a drop of blood onto a glucose strip and then inserting the strip into a glucose meter that shows a digital readout of the blood glucose level. Some people find pricking their finger difficult. At the time of inserting needle, some blood is drew that make people to feel moderate pain or slight sensation, but don’t get afraid.

To get the adequate information about your blood sugar or glucose level, you need to perform both of these tests.

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